the problem of evil essay

Reference this. Everyone would always freely choose to do good acts because God would constitute everyone to do so. A sample logical challenge would in the following form: 2. For instance, in order for a person to know “hot”, they must inevitably know “cold”. “The Free Will Defense.” Pojman, Louis P. and Michael Rea. Order Now. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Do you feel socializing with your colleagues is beneficial in creating a better learning environment. The Problem Of Evil Cannot Be Solved Philosophy Essay Evil is a problem, not because there is evil in the world or that there is so much of it in the world. The free will defense illustrates that God allows evil for the sake of human free will. “The Argument from Evil.” Pojman, Louis P. and Michael Rea. “Free Will and the Problem of Evil.” Religious Studies: An International Journal for the Philosophy of Religion (2004): 437-456. Plantinga, Alvin. In this case, in order for a person to possess happiness or feel sorrow, they must have been faced with a situation that evokes such feelings or emotions. The term “God” is used with a wide variety of differentmeanings. When it comes to the problem of evil and God’s existence, there are many questions and concerns that come to mind. In these statements, Rowe suggests the inductive, probabilistic view of the evil argument justifies atheism (defined as either a rejection of theism or a position that deities do not exist). God uses evil as a vehicle for bringing about the greater good. 173-180. Nevertheless, there are several problems that result from a defense of this sort, which primarily revolve around the notion that God foreknows all choices that we will make and all events that will occur. However, the conclusion that we’re wrong about God follows only if God has no good reason for allowing evil. The Problem of Evil. The Problem of Evil argument focuses on the fact the existence of evil in the universe contradicts with God’s existence. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Gale, Richard M. “Freedom and the Free Will Defense.” Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy (1990): 397-42. Mackie, J. L. “Evil and Omnipotence.” Pojman, Louis P. and Michael Rea. Show More. God’s creation of beings with considerable free will is something like the greatest gift that can be given, or in another sense, the greater good. Philosophy In his argument from evil, David Hume inquires about the existence of God, stating that the assumed God would not possibly allow evil to exist. The concept implies that an omnipotent God does not assert its power to intervene in choice. Plantinga, in his response against Mackie, suggests that atheologicans (specifically Mackie) are wrong to believe that evil and God are incompatible. He asks, “Is He willing to prevent evil, but not able? Therefore, there cannot possibly be such a good and powerful God. Of course for Plantinga he would rely on Augustine’s perspective to say that these particular evils are a result on moral evil, relating the incidents of Adam and Eve and the concept of original sin. For instance, murder is an evil brought about by man and therefore it is a moral evil. The survey included the question “If you could ask God only one question and you knew he would give you an answer, what would you ask?” The most common response, offered by 17% of those who could think of a question was “Why is there pain and suffering in the world?” (Strobel 2000, p. 29). For Mackie, the existence of evil is logically incompatible with the existence of a Christian God. The most credible of these is the free will defense, which states that there are no contradictions in God’s attributes; He is capable of destroying evil, but not at the expense of taking away free will. Speaking in terms of free will, what does it mean to necessarily be free or possess free will? Some critics believe that this argument fails due to the fact that God could give us free will and still stop people from doing evil. If such notion were true, why would not God step in to intervene? Gillett, Grant. The problem simply stems from basic beliefs or assumptions pertaining to the attributes of God: God is perfectly good, omniscient, and omnipotent. Explaining all the natural and personal disasters without a belief in God and why evil exists is paramount to impossible. But if no one can choose otherwise, then no ability to choose really exists. Home — Essay Samples — Social Issues — Evil — The Problem of Evil This essay has been submitted by a student. More so, there is a possibility that such knowledge is beyond our means of reasoning at present. There exist instances of intense suffering which an omnipotent, omniscient being could have prevented without thereby losing some greater good or permitting some evil equally bad or worse. In this paper I will further explain the problem of evil and examine the concept of the free will argument. The aspects that will be focused on in the essay will be the logical problem of evil where the concept of God and the key attributes that are in conflict with the existence of evil will be discussed. The problem of evil can be distinguished between two types of philosophical aspects or challenges to faith in God: the evidential challenge and the logical challenge. So does this fact alone contradict God’s omnibenevolence? He is also all good meaning He cannot sin nor do evil. Your paper will present the problem of evil in its strongest possible terms and then resolve it. Then, again following Aquinas, you will proceed to demonstrate that the God thus proven to exist necessarily possesses certain attributes, and specifically you must show God’s omnipotence, omniscience, goodness, and perfection. An omniscient, wholly good being would prevent the occurrence of any intense suffering it could, unless it could not do so without thereby losing some greater good or permitting some evil equally bad or worse. For objective purposes of consistency, I will only touch basis on Mackie’s response to evil being the direct result of freedom. ...Philosophy Essay - The Problem of Evil Part A - Compare and contrast the theodicies of Augustine and Irenaeus Both Augustine and Irenaeus attempt to explain the existence of evil in their theodicies, though have different explanations for its existence. Good is interpreted as anything in harmony with God’s character, will, and goal, whereas evil is any state or condition that is contrary to His character, will, and goal. Why does our world contain so much evil? Don't use plagiarized sources. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Moreover, evil occurs because God does not want to compromise this free will be preventing evil. The Problem of the Evil ...The most weighty of the arguments against God’s existence is the problem of evil. If God is all-good and all-powerful, how come there is … The Problem Of Evil Essay Samples. 4 (it is recommended that you use the First Way). Perhaps if one can explain God’s reason for allowing evil, then the belief in God may still be rational. “The problem of evil” is one of the most discussed objections to the existence of God and is a top reason many unbelievers give for their unbelief. The traditional monotheistic response to the problem of evil is that human free will leads to evil in the world, as in the case of Original Sin. Taking this into deliberation, man (being created in His image) has the ability to do wrong and create evil. That means that believing in E and believing in God is like believing in a five-sided square.Most philosophers today reject this argument (Rowe 1979: 335). The problem of evil arises because the concept of God seems to entail that there should be no evil in the world. You will then solve the problem of evil using research and argumentation from Aquinas and Aristotle, drawing upon contemporary peer-reviewed secondary literature and perhaps other philosophers such as Augustine. The Problem of Evil is an argument that shows that God cannot be either all- powerful, all-knowing, and/or all good. Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Philosophy William L. Rowe illustrates this challenge as such: 1. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Furthermore, I will present J. L. Mackie’s argument regarding the issue, while exploring Alvin Plantinga’s defense. As Mackie states, “Good is opposed to evil, in such a way that a good things always eliminates evil as far as it can, and that there are no limits to what an omnipotent thing can do. Problem of Evil Evil has always been with humanity. The religious believers assume that God is omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent, yet evil exist. Created: Oct 1, 2018. The problem of evil exists because of the fall of man. This problem is traditionally labelled The Problem of Evil. In Evil and Omnipotence, Mackie argues that the traditional conceived God cannot possibly exist with so much evil and suffering in the world. But some object that the fact of evil in the world stands in clear contradiction to such a God. 2. On the other hand, there is the logical challenge to belief in God, which says that it is both impossible and irrational to believe in the existence of a good, powerful God with the existence of evil in the world. The logical challenge attempts to demonstrate that the assumed propositions lead to a logical contradiction and cannot therefore all be correct. Be sure you represent the problem in all of its due force; consider looking up the formulation attributed to Epicurus in David Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. 181-199. He maintains the idea that God granted free will, but then asks, “If God has made men such that in their free choices they sometimes prefer what is good and sometimes what is evil, why could He not have made men such that they always freely choose the good (Mackie, 178)?” Being all powerful, God could have created a world with both free will and no signs of evil. In his essay, Mackie examines what he calls “so-called” solutions to the problem: evil being a necessary counterpart to good, the universe being better off with some evil, evil acting as a means to good, and evil being the result of human free will. Read this Philosophy Essay and over 89,000 other research documents. Explain The Problem of Evil - Essay. We are the most reliable web custom writing service providers, guaranteeing original top notch mark papers. The larger is how anyone can go to heaven. These tend to fall, however, into two main groups. But some object that the fact of evil in the world stands in clear contradiction to such a God. Not everyone hold the same beliefs or interpretations of Adam, Eve, and the forbidding fruit scenario. Instead, when you reference material, you may put the quotation in a footnote with the complete Chicago-style reference. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Is He able, but not willing? This makes evil a twofold problem. The problem of evil is usually seen as the problem of how the existence of God can be reconciled with the existence of evil in the world. Does this inability take away from His omnipotence? An all-powerful God would destroy evil. Designed and Developed by. In other words, God could have created a world where man had the ability to choose between two actions (good or bad), but from his omnipotence, He would always see it that man choose what was right. The free will defense successfully solves the problem. The purpose of this paper is to show that evil is everywhere, and that, while good is also in abundant supply, evil will never totally be removed from society. Teach the text to your reader, don’t just read it to them. God is justified in permitting evil and suffering in terms of promoting character development; it seems that His goal would be to bring man to a point spiritual well-being and maturity. The problem simply stems from basic beliefs or assumptions pertaining to the attributes of God: God is perfectly good, omniscient, and omnipotent. Why does it contain any evil at all? As men… Natalie Casas Professor B. Chung Phi 2011 2 March 2006 The Problem of Evil To some evil … The existence of evil seems to indicate that God is not preventing this evil. Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology. You can view samples of our professional work here. The problem of evil is the notion that, how can an all good, powerful, loving God exists when evil seems to exist also. Thirdly, it is argued that God cannot actualize a world with free will and no presence of evil. Your paper will present the problem of evil in its strongest possible terms and then resolve it. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Schellenberg, J. L. “The Atheist’s Free Will Offence.” Internal Journal for Philosophy of Religion (2004): 1-15. This is because the problem of evil puts up n ideology that God and Evil cannot exist in one place. He argues that God, even being omnipotent, could not create a world with free beings that never chose evil. The Christian Philosophy’s Stance on the Problem of Evil ; The Concept of Evil and its Problem in Night ; The Temptation of the Garden: Good, Evil, and Aslan in The Magician’s Nephew ; Evil and Immoral Characters in the Play “Othello” by William Shakespeare Your email address will not be published. *You can also browse our support articles here >. The problem of evil also gives way to the notion that if hell exists then God must be evil for sending anyone there.I believe hell exists in light of the idea that God is holy. The problem of evil is the notion that, how can an all good, powerful, loving God exists when evil seems to exist also. In my paper, I have examined the problem of evil and the concept of the free will argument, using Mackie and Plantinga’s arguments on the subject. Many philosophers, particularly J.L. Perhaps no one will really understand God’s reason for allowing some things to happen. According to Mackie, God’s inability to offer this possibility is a rational contradiction and limits not only his power, but his goodness as well. Many philosophers, such as Mackie, argue that if one abolishes God himself, or at least some of His attributes, then evil needs no explanation. Looking for a flexible role? The free will defense, in my opinion, is a partial success. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? In addition to this thought, a world without evil may not be a feasible world for those who possess free will. This paper will discuss the problem of evil, state the main claims that have been argued by John Mackie and Alvin Plantinga, and show some of the arguments that other scholars have raised with regard to the problem of evil. According to ‘Incompatibility’ or ‘Logical’ versions of the Problem of Evil, E is logically incompatible with God’s existence (Mackie 1955). Company Registration No: 4964706. The evidential version of the problem of evil (also referred to as the probabilistic or inductive version), seeks to show that the existence of evil, although logically consistent with the existence of God, counts against or lowers the probability of the truth of theism. The dilemma of the problem of evil is, if God is perfectly loving he must wish to abolish evil. Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology. “The Problem of Evil and the Problem of God.” Journal of Applied Philosophy (2007): 435-438. You will then present the problem of evil with special attention given to the apparent tension between the presence of evil and these attributes proven to belong to God. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. The problem stems from the concept of an omnipotent, omniscient and perfectly good and just God; that if such a God exists, then evil should not exist. I am sure that there is free will and absolutely no evil and suffering. Belmont: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2008. I challenge the soundness of the argument, especially two particular premises which deal with omnipotence and omnibenevolence. Welcome to Essay-Paper.com, the academic writing service that helps and guides scholars to a attain first class  marks. Nevertheless, there are several problems that result from a defense of this sort, which primarily revolve around the notion that God foreknows all choices that we will make and all events that will occur. Examples of natural evils are sufferings caused by diseases or natural phenomena such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, and tsunamis. This is called “the problem of evil.” Aquinas argues that the God he has proven to exist is entirely consistent with the presence of evil in the world. Thus, the problem of evil leads to a contradiction in at least one, if not all, of the attributes of God (that being omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent). I have given reason to both accept and reject the notion that it can be logically established that the existence of both evil and God are not incompatible. Ultimately, perhaps God allows evil and suffering so that in the end, man will be born again and accept God’s grace and live by His word. It is deemed necessary that man go through struggles in order to gain strength, a means of soul promoting, or to be conscious of certain emotions. From these it follows that a good, omnipotent thing eliminates evil completely, and then the propositions that a good, omnipotent thing exists, and the evil exists, are incompatible (174).” For sake of clarity, I will define the terms “good” and “evil”, as they will be used throughout this paper. On the contrary, natural evil arises through no fault by man. Moral evil is evil that results from an act, or failure to act, by man. Describe the function of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. In response, some philosophers offer justifications for God permitting evil. The traditional monotheistic response to the problem of evil is that human free will leads to evil in the world, as in the case of Original Sin. Belmont: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2008. Get Your Custom Essay on, © Copyright Eikra 2020. God is perfectly good. Therefore, free will does not exist. So even if God wants to prevent evil, he cannot because free will is important. Plantinga’s argument is a valid justification for God’s permission of evil, but he seems to speak only in terms of one nature of evil. GCSE Religious Studies Exemplar Essay - The Problem of Evil (no rating) 0 customer reviews. "The Problem of Evil Essay" with 20% discount! 1545 Words 7 Pages. Polkinghorne (14) defines it as the process of reconciliation between evil and good. If this is true, then what do you consider heaven? The problem is not found in the lack of balance between good and evil in the world. In your paper, following closely, step-by-step, the texts and arguments of Aquinas, you will first demonstrate the existence of God from any of the Five Ways or from the De Ente ch. From this, such a God should want to prevent evil, yet much evil exists. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. 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